11 Facts About Luke and the Book

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This entry is part 1 of 13 in the series Jesus' Birth and Early Years

Luke wrote two books in the Bible. He wasn’t an apostle…

Who was Luke?

  1. Early Christian writings accepted Luke as the author of 2 books, Luke and Acts.
  2. He was the only Gentile author of a New Testament book. According to Colossians 4:10-14, Luke was not ‘of the circumcision’, meaning he was not Jewish; he was a Gentile.
  3. He was a physician. Perhaps as a physician he took greater interest in the birth of two very important babies a few months apart, John the Baptist and Jesus Christ.
  4.  He was an educated man and wrote in high Greek style.
  5.  He was not one of the 12 disciples, and was not there at the beginning (John 15:27).
  6.  He knew Paul, maybe as a loyal friend. He traveled with Paul and was present at some events that took place in Acts.
  7.  He is mentioned 3 times in the letters of Paul in the New Testament.
    •  Colossians 4:14  
    •  2 Timothy 4:11 (LEB)
    •  Philemon 24 (LEB)

 Many people have set out to write accounts about the events that have been fulfilled among us. They used the eyewitness reports circulating among us from the early disciples. Having carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I also have decided to write a careful account for you, most honorable Theophilus, so you can be certain of the truth of everything you were taught. (Luke 1:1–4 NLT).


About the book

  1. Luke documented the facts about Christ, from Jesus’ birth, His ministry, death and resurrection, in the form of a letter.
  2. The letter was written to a ‘lover of God’ for that is what the name Theophilus means.
  3. The purpose of the letter was to give the reader clarity and certainty and the truth about Jesus Christ.
  4. The Book Luke has 24 chapters and is the longest of the four Gospels.

Who was Theophilus?

  • Perhaps he was a Roman official,
  • Someone of high social standing or
  • Someone who received teachings about Christianity and was seeking the truth or
  • Maybe  all the above.


Luke and the Book

Luke wrote in an orderly manner an exact account of the life of Jesus Christ. How did he do it?

  • He personally investigated all facts.
  • He researched the material.
  • He interviewed eyewitnesses, people who were there.

For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to you the  power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. (2 Peter 1:16 ESV)


That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life— (1 John 1:1 ESV)

  • He listened to the testimonies of those who had ministered the Word, to the preaching and oral accounts of the apostles.
  • The Holy Spirit guided him.

Luke’s training as a physician allowed him to use logic and facts when he wrote the story of Jesus Christ.  


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